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Progress Monitoring Quiz Foundations

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Isaiah’s father works for the government of a democracy, and he has the power to execute, enforce, and administer the law. What type of basic powers does Isaiah’s father handle?
a.
legislative powers
b.
executive powers
c.
confederative powers
d.
judicial powers
 

 2. 

Which of the following ideas was NOT promoted by the “social contract” theory?
a.
common defense
b.
popular sovereignty
c.
limited government
d.
individual rights
 

 3. 

Although the first State constitutions differed considerably, one of the most common features was the principle of popular sovereignty. If someone were running for President on a platform of popular sovereignty, what principle would he or she be emphasizing?
a.
separation of powers
b.
consent of citizens
c.
limited government
d.
civil rights
 

 4. 

Although the Articles of Confederation established a relationship among the States, the 1780s was a critical period because it exposed weaknesses in the document. What resulted from these weaknesses?
a.
mass migration from southern States to western territories
b.
economic and political instability in every State
c.
unfair taxation of some citizens without representation in Congress
d.
a banking system inadequate to fulfill every State’s needs
 

 5. 

What did the smaller States fear during the framing of the Constitution that led to a series of compromise proposals?
a.
They were worried that the larger States would have the power to regulate interstate commerce.
b.
They were worried that the larger States would have greater representation in Congress and would dominate the government.
c.
They were worried that the smaller States would be unable to participate in the slave trade.
d.
They were worried that the larger States would have fewer separations of power and would use this loophole to gain control of the Senate.
 

 6. 

The concept known as ____ means that basic powers are distributed among three distinct branches of government.
a.
constitutionalism
b.
separation of powers
c.
limited government
d.
distributed government
 

 7. 

Which of the following is NOT a method of proposing a formal constitutional amendment?
a.
It may be proposed by a national convention and ratified by conventions in two thirds of the States.
b.
It may be proposed by a two-thirds vote in each house of Congress and be ratified by three fourths of the State legislatures.
c.
It may be proposed by Congress and then ratified by conventions in three fourths of the States.
d.
It may be proposed by a national convention called by Congress at the request of two thirds of the State legislatures.
 

 8. 

A fugitive from justice in one State is captured in another State. According to the laws of extradition, what will happen to this person?
a.
The fugitive will be tried in the State where he or she was captured.
b.
The fugitive must appear before the supreme court in the State where the crime was committed.
c.
The fugitive will be returned to the State that has jurisdiction over the crime.
d.
The fugitive will be sent to a third, impartial State, where he or she will be tried.
 

 9. 

What clause of the Constitution states that no State can draw unreasonable distinctions between its own residents and those persons who live in other States?
a.
Privileges and Immunities Clause
b.
Full Faith and Credit Clause
c.
Interstate Compact Clause
d.
Extradition and Immunities Clause
 

 10. 

Which of the following served as the first national government of the United States?
a.
First Continental Congress
b.
Albany Plan of Union
c.
Second Continental Congress
d.
Stamp Act Congress
 

 11. 

What does the constitutional principle of judicial review mean?
a.
People are the source of any and all government power.
b.
Government is restricted in what it may do, and each individual has rights the government cannot take away.
c.
The courts have the power to determine the constitutionality of a governmental action.
d.
The powers of the three branches of government overlap to check one another’s actions.
 

 12. 

Which English Philosopher declared man was born bruttish, and in a constant state of war?
a.
John Locke
c.
Sam Smith
b.
Thomas Hobbes
d.
Sir. Thomas Moore
 

 13. 

Which of these statements describes Jon Lockes Unalienable Rights?
a.
Life Liberty and the pursuit of happiness
c.
Life Liberty and the Pursuit of Property
b.
Liberty Equality and Fraternity
d.
Life Liberty and the pursuit of wealth
 

 14. 

Which philosopher suggested that government powers should be seperated?
a.
Locke
c.
Hobbes
b.
Rousseau
d.
Montesqui
 

 15. 

Why was the Mayflower Compact so important to the development of our government?
a.
It clearly established a system of laws
c.
It outlined the very first Bill of Unalienable Rights
b.
It promoted the concept of written government that ALL would be subject to
d.
It seperated the colonies from England
 

 16. 

According to Aristotle, which government type would he consider to be the absolute worst?
a.
Monarchy
c.
Oiligarchy
b.
Democracy
d.
Tyrant
 

 17. 

Which statement best describes The Doctrine of The Mean?
a.
Do whatever it takes to survive
c.
Thoughtful brave action
b.
Pause reflect and consider indefinately
d.
Jerk from the hip and smack em!
 

 18. 

How Many types of government were there according to Aristotle?
a.
3
c.
5
b.
4
d.
6
 

 19. 

What was the name of the book where Hobbes outlines his ideas on government?
a.
The Kraken
c.
The Legacy
b.
The Leviathan
d.
Second Treatise of government
 

 20. 

How many amendments were included in the First Bill of Rights
a.
10
c.
8
b.
9
d.
11
 



 
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