1.

When did the GNP of the European Community surpass that of the United States?

A.

1959

B.

1969

C.

1979

D.

1989



2.

Since the 1950s the countries of Western Europe have seen

A.

heavy industry come to dominate the economy

B.

immigrant laborers leaving in large numbers because of few job opportunities

C.

people from countries in the European Union with access to bank accounts, mortgages, and professional licensing in all other nations in the Union

D.

shipments of goods increasingly hampered by national tolls and tariffs



3.

Western Europe's advanced governmental welfare programs have

A.

significantly leveled the gap in income between the richest and the poorest in society

B.

virtually eliminated unemployment

C.

virtually eliminated slum housing

D.

provided significant increases in opportunities for higher education



4.

Which is not a feature of life shared by most western Europeans?

A.

social security

B.

access to national health services

C.

guaranteed employment

D.

low educational fees



5.

Which group has seen its importance in European politics increase since the 1970s?

A.

socialists and communists

B.

environmentalists

C.

Eurocommunists

D.

trade union parties



6.

Spain experienced rejuvenation and an end to its isolation under the leadership of

A.

Juan Carlos

B.

Franco

C.

Felipe Gonzales

D.

Salazar



7.

In 1973 the countries of the West faced a new economic hardship when

A.

the U.S. withdrew many loans and investments from Europe

B.

the Soviet Union placed an embargo on trade with western Europe

C.

the Japanese GNP surpassed that of Europe

D.

oil-exporting countries in the Middle East banded together to raise oil prices



8.

In the early 1970s the only European nation capable of meeting its own oil production needs was

A.

Great Britain

B.

France

C.

Germany

D.

the Soviet Union



9.

The economic system advocated by Margaret Thatcher was

A.

that adopted by the European Community

B.

free enterprise

C.

one which encouraged state guidance of industry

D.

one which the U.S would approve



10.

The Soviet Union serves as one of the world's largest producers of

A.

wheat, steel, and copper

B.

steel, iron, and oil

C.

tin, copper, and iron

D.

wheat, oil, and tin



11.

According to the text some of the factors that plagued Soviet society were

A.

stifling inefficiencies

B.

absenteeism

C.

alcoholism

D.

heavy military expenditures

E.

all of the above



12.

The first Eastern Bloc countries to experience the dismantling of Communist party control were

A.

Czechoslovakia and Rumania

B.

Czechoslovakia and Poland

C.

East Germany, Hungary, and Poland

D.

Czechoslovakia, East Germany, and Poland



13.

German unification proved difficult because

A.

the reluctance of other countries to support the effort

B.

the inefficiency of the East German economy

C.

feelings of inferiority on the part of East Germans

D.

West German resentment of the burdens of unification

E.

all of the above



14.

After the fall of communism, Yugoslavia

A.

remained unified

B.

suffered the horrors of a genocidal war and political fragmentation

C.

was reunified after a genocidal war

D.

peacefully negotiated its breakup into two republics



15.

Existentialism argues that

A.

there is no such thing as moral action

B.

each individual's life is part of a large plan involving all human existence

C.

individuals cannot be free in a meaningless world

D.

in every circumstance individuals can make some moral choice that helps define their life's meaning



16.

Representatives of postmodernism in the arts and scholarship share the tendency to

A.

reject the formal rules of their discipline and looking for hidden meanings and subtle messages

B.

embrace an aesthetic of simplicity and directness

C.

assert that the tastes of the common person are more sound than those of the elite

D.

reject the influence of other cultures in favor of celebrating one's own



17.

The work of Gramsci, Foucault, and Derrida stresses that

A.

the objectivity of modern science provides the best approach to establishing truth

B.

the dominant culture is filled with signs and messages that enforce existing structures of power

C.

women have achieved less in intellectual life than men because they are less comfortable with abstractions

D.

as societies develop it is important that they adopt the cultural values of the West



18.

Gender studies

A.

have called into question much of the work of historians, sociologists, and anthropologists

B.

suggests that gender differences stem from social constructions

C.

has strengthened feminist movements

D.

all of the above




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