1.

Between 1939 and the U.S. entry into the war in 1941, the Germans occupied

A.

most of France, most of the Balkans, all of Scandinavia

B.

the Low Countries, Spain, the Balkans

C.

most of the Balkans, most of France, Denmark, Norway, the Low Countries

D.

Denmark, Norway, Spain, most of France



2.

In 1942 the tide of World War II began to turn in favor of the Allies because

A.

the costs of the campaign in Russia

B.

landing of allied forces in France diverted German resources from the Eastern Front

C.

Germany had to divide its war effort in order to give aid to Japan

D.

the German people were losing faith in the war effort



3.

What role did the United States play in the European conflict before December 7, 1941?

A.

totally isolationist

B.

fully committed military ally

C.

supplier of loans and war materials to the allies

D.

leader of the allied forces

E.

supporter of the communist regime of the Soviet Union



4.

The decision of the United States to give the fight against Germany priority over the war in Asia

A.

acknowledged the bonds of Western culture

B.

acknowledged the importance of European industrial power

C.

recognized the possibility that Soviet Russia might not survive without help

D.

all of the above



5.

Which is not a reason why the Nazi regime ultimately lost the war?

A.

Nazi atrocities sparked resistance movements throughout the conquered territories

B.

Nazi policies of extermination diverted resources from the war

C.

among the first nations to mobilize totally for war, the German people were exhausted sooner (pp.)

D.

American productivity surpassed anything Germany and her allies could match



6.

Following the ouster of Mussolini, Italy

A.

was more firmly entrenched in the German camp

B.

welcomed Nazi forces of occupation

C.

had peace within her borders

D.

joined the Allied side



7.

The last offensive mounted by the Germans was

A.

the Battle of the Bulge

B.

the invasion of Italy

C.

Crimea

D.

Normandy



8.

The Big Three were

A.

Russia, Britain, and France

B.

Japan, Germany, and Italy

C.

Germany, Poland, and Austria

D.

Russia, Britain, and the U.S.



9.

Before 1950 European recovery was hindered by

A.

millions of refugees from eastern Europe flooding into the Soviet Union

B.

unwillingness of Europeans to hunt out fascist collaborators

C.

massive destruction of factories and transport systems

D.

U.S. reluctance to advance aid for recovery



10.

The efforts to root out fascism after the war included

A.

summary executions

B.

the Nuremberg trials

C.

public prosecutions

D.

all of the above



11.

The International Monetary Fund and the precursor to the World Bank were created to

A.

administer the funds allocated by the Marshall Plan

B.

prevent inflation

C.

organize food and medical relief supplies

D.

all of the above



12.

In Yugoslavia, Marshall Tito

A.

acquiesced to Soviet demands

B.

broke with western allies

C.

resisted Soviet directives

D.

a and b



13.

The Truman Doctrine

A.

promised American aid to nations in danger of Communist take-over

B.

brought the U.S. into the Korean War

C.

proclaimed U.S. willingness to commit American troops to UN military actions

D.

warned the Soviet Union not to take Czechoslovakia



14.

Which area did not gain independence from European control before 1950?

A.

India

B.

Burma

C.

Indonesia

D.

French Indochina



15.

The Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union

A.

was held in check by the fact that the Soviets did not have atomic weapons until the late 1950s

B.

found the U.S.'s only allies, France and Britain, wishing to remain neutral

C.

began in Europe but quickly moved to confrontation throughout the world

D.

was characterized by a major commitment of Soviet land forces in Africa, Asia, and the Middle East



16.

Which best describes the role of western European governments in the economy as those countries recovered from World War II?

A.

minimal government activity as the free market was allowed to develop

B.

government responsibility for welfare, but minimal activity in business

C.

governments slow to pursue welfare legislation, while actively encouraging business

D.

governments responsible for welfare policies and working with large business to direct economic development



17.

The most pressing issue faced by the government of the Fourth French Republic was the revolt against French rule in

A.

Haiti

B.

Algeria

C.

Egypt

D.

Canada



18.

The Soviet Union emerged as one of the world's most powerful and stable nations under

A.

Lenin

B.

Stalin

C.

Khrushchev

D.

Gorbachev




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