1.

The key diplomatic achievement of Bismarck's foreign policy was

A.

rapprochement with France

B.

an alliance with the Ottomans to contain Russia

C.

a formal alliance with Austria-Hungary

D.

successful challenge to Britain's sea supremacy



2.

In 1907, in order to balance the Triple Alliance, the Triple Entente was formed by

A.

Italy, France, and Britain

B.

France, Russia, and Britain

C.

France, Russia, and Germany

D.

Russia, Britain, and the United States

E.

Britain, the United States, and Belgium



3.

Where were the major European international crises in the decade before World War I?

A.

North Africa and the Balkans

B.

Turkey and the Middle East

C.

the Balkans and the Middle East

D.

Turkey and North Africa



4.

Which is not among the underlying reasons for war in 1914?

A.

the arms race

B.

a deep antagonism between Germany and France

C.

the effectiveness of the alliance system in achieving security and encouraging negotiated solutions

D.

the use by many governments of nationalist and militaristic foreign policies to deflect attention from domestic problems



5.

The Germans planned to invade France first because they

A.

believed the French army was poorly organized

B.

believed they could conquer France before Russia could mobilize, thereby avoiding a two-front war

C.

believed they could conclude a separate peace with Russia, based on a former alliance

D.

wanted to conquer France in order to annex Belgium



6.

The chief feature of the war on the Western Front was

A.

the invasion of Italy by French and British troops

B.

inconclusive battles fought in trench warfare

C.

a propaganda war with little actual fighting

D.

series of important naval engagements as Germans attempted to establish a blockade of Britain



7.

During World War I the most striking break from pre-war conditions on the home front was

A.

the use of volunteer armies

B.

central planning of the economy

C.

censorship

D.

anti-patriotic sentiment



8.

During the Great War, women

A.

worked in key wartime industries

B.

became increasingly independent

C.

resisted the change in their traditional roles

D.

all of the above

E.

a and b



9.

The major factors that led to German surrender were

A.

exhaustion of German resources and manpower

B.

stiffened allied resistance following the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

C.

British/Arab victory in the Middle East and the surrender of the Ottoman empire

D.

the collapse of Austria-Hungary

E.

all of the above



10.

Which groups experienced a relative improvement in income and standards of living as a result of World War I?

A.

aristocrats and middle class

B.

middle-class and working-class families

C.

working-class families and peasants

D.

middle class and peasants



11.

A lasting result of World War I was that

A.

women realized they did not want to work outside the home

B.

governments assumed new responsibilities for social services and economic planning

C.

crime and juvenile delinquency declined from pre-war levels

D.

people felt greater faith in the governments that had guided them through the war



12.

During World War I casualty figures in the armed forces were

A.

50 percent or more

B.

30 percent or more

C.

20 percent or more

D.

10 percent or more



13.

At the Paris Peace Conference the two major powers not represented were

A.

Italy and Germany

B.

Russia and Japan

C.

Germany and Japan

D.

Germany and Russia



14.

Which of the following was not included in the Treaty of Versailles?

A.

a clause that placed blame for the war on Germany

B.

a clause that demanded reparations from Germany

C.

a Polish corridor through German territory

D.

a requirement that Germany disarm

E.

permission for Germany to retain her colonies in Africa



15.

Which state existed in 1919, but not in 1914?

A.

Belgium

B.

Denmark

C.

Poland

D.

Switzerland



16.

Which is incorrectly matched with a post-war grievance?

A.

Italy: denied right to annex the Dalmatian Coast

B.

France: denied a treaty with the United States guaranteeing safety against German aggression

C.

Britain: denied a right to reparations for war casualties

D.

Syria and Palestine: denied a right to self-rule after collapse of the Ottoman empire



17.

The gravest problem faced by the Weimar Republic was

A.

the Spartacist uprisings

B.

inflation

C.

Freikorps agitation

D.

political challenge from the right



18.

In 1923 French and Belgian forces occupied Germany's Ruhr district because

A.

they wanted to ensure the success of the democratic Weimar Republic

B.

internal political conflict in Germany threatened European peace

C.

Germany had failed to make reparations payments

D.

the Weimar Republic requested their help in ending popular strikes



19.

The Locarno era was marked by

A.

territorial disputes in western Europe

B.

general disarmament

C.

enforcement of international peace-keeping missions

D.

renunciations of war demonstrating a belief in law and confidence in the force of public opinion



20.

The political norm in Europe after World War I was

A.

socialism

B.

communism

C.

constitutional democracy

D.

anarchy




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