1.

A critical feature of the second industrial revolution was

A.

the discovery and exploitation of new coal deposits

B.

the development of new technologies such as electricity

C.

agricultural prosperity

D.

it occurred during a period of general economic boom



2.

Which of the following is not true of Germany's spectacular economic expansion following unification?

A.

the acquisition of Alsace-Lorraine provided Germany with more raw materials

B.

German factories had the latest and most efficient equipment

C.

Germany concentrated its marketing efforts within its own borders

D.

the educational system played an important role in supplying the talent needed by the commercial sector



3.

The sluggish rate of British economic growth in the late nineteenth century was in part the result of

A.

outdated plant and equipment

B.

too much emphasis on technical educational at the expense of scientific research

C.

loss of empire

D.

rapid adoption of experimental techniques in manufacturing



4.

The demographic transition that took place between 1870 and 1914 involved

A.

a sharp rise in the death rate

B.

an increase in the birthrate

C.

higher population growth in eastern and central Europe

D.

movement from urban to rural areas



5.

Which was not part of the changes that took place in scientific research in the late nineteenth century?

A.

researchers became more professional, with their own organizations and journals

B.

the laws of thermodynamics helped develop the electrical industry

C.

pasteurization and antiseptics improved health

D.

discoveries made by scientists in one country rarely became available to other countries



6.

Karl Marx argued that the dialectical process of history

A.

works through ideas that constitute the spirit of the age

B.

was determined by economic forces and class conflict

C.

was the working out of a divine plan

D.

depended on great leaders



7.

Karl Marx argued that

A.

as industrialization progresses, the middle class will become larger

B.

the class which controls the means of production determines society's laws, values, and cultural forms

C.

in the future, post-capitalist society, the state will ensure that all people are treated equally

D.

all of the above



8.

Karl Marx had lasting influence because

A.

his vision of the future was so clearly laid out that there was little occasion for disagreement among his followers

B.

he simplified historical analysis by focusing on politics rather than economics or culture

C.

he gave those outraged by social injustice the sense that they were on the side of history

D.

he rejected technological and industrial development



9.

The theories of Charles Darwin, arguing that species evolve through time, were

A.

based on rational analysis rather than evidence or observation

B.

easily accepted by Christians as not incompatible with faith

C.

without precedent or parallel in the intellectual world of the nineteenth century

D.

used to justify competition and domination among nations and social classes



10.

Which of the following factors provoked the participants in the Taiping Rebellion?

A.

attacks on Europeans enraged Chinese merchants

B.

the attack on Peking by foreign forces

C.

the persecution of Christians

D.

peasant unrest and anti-foreign sentiments



11.

Between 1875 and 1914, 26 million Europeans emigrated abroad. They came from nearly every European country except

A.

Italy

B.

France

C.

Germany

D.

Ireland



12.

British rule in India

A.

depended upon indirect policies of governing

B.

attempted to preserve Indian customs and religious practices

C.

provoke a revolt among native troops in the mid-nineteenth century

D.

all of the above



13.

According to J. A. Hobson, what was most responsible for the vast extension of European control at the end of the nineteenth century?

A.

financiers and speculators

B.

missionaries

C.

military adventurers

D.

settlers



14.

Lenin

A.

agreed with Hobson about the economic basis of imperialism

B.

disagreed with the idea that all colonialism was exploitative

C.

argued that imperialism stemmed from capitalism itself

D.

a and b

E.

a and c



15.

The text implies that, for the mass democracies of western Europe, colonial expansion provided

A.

a heavy tax burden on the common man

B.

a way to defuse class tensions by focusing on national glory

C.

a “brain drain” as talented Europeans left the continent

D.

a clear antagonism between Christian motives and economic ones



16.

The rush of Europeans to Cape Colony and the Boer colonies at the end of the nineteenth century was driven by

A.

the slave trade

B.

gold and diamonds

C.

Cecil Rhodes' effective propaganda encouraging settlement

D.

white fears of Zulu dominance in the area



17.

The Fashoda Crisis brought which two European nations to the brink of war?

A.

France and Britain

B.

Russia and Germany

C.

France and Germany

D.

Britain and Belgium



18.

Imperialism in China

A.

was initiated by western missionaries and traders

B.

brought competition among the European powers

C.

stimulated anti-foreign rebellions

D.

allowed the Chinese to obtain loans from western powers

E.

all of the above



19.

Which Asian nation westernized to the extent that competed with Western imperialism in Asia?

A.

Siam

B.

China

C.

India

D.

Japan




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